Latin Name : Hirudo
Chinese Name : 水蛭
Leeches are used to treat blood stagnation associated with amenorrhoea, fixed abdominal masses, and traumatic injury.
Medicinal leeches have beem found to secrete saliva containing about 60 different proteins. Several of these secreted proteins as anticoagulants (such as hirudin), platelet aggregation inhibitors (most notably apyrase, collagenase, and calin), vasodilators, and proteinase inhibitors.